3 - Watershed metadata


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Created: Oct 15, 2020 at 4:49 p.m.
Last updated: Oct 15, 2020 at 4:51 p.m.
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Abstract

Watershed metadata was collected for 14 watersheds from studies where channel length survey data was presented. For variables not found in the publications associated with the channel length surveys, additional sources are referenced. These sources are included in the notes column. Variables without sources were calculated, as described in the Additional Metadata section below. Examples of calculated values include, q_avg_mm_per_day, beta, and l_avg_km.

For Python packages, modules, and functions used to find calculated values, please see the associated GitHub repository: https://zenodo.org/record/4057320

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Resource Level Coverage

Spatial

Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
North Latitude
51.8800°
East Longitude
8.7300°
South Latitude
35.0500°
West Longitude
-123.7300°

Content

Additional Metadata

Name Value
beta Scaling exponent for power function that characterizes the relationship between discharge and stream length, no units. Beta (β) is the scaling exponent in the power relation L = αQ^β. Discharge (Q) and drainage density (L) from at least three channel length surveys are fit to a power law model to obtain β.
cv_l Coefficient of variation for length time series, no units as mean and standard deviation are in same units. Found by dividing standard deviation by the mean.
cv_q Coefficient of variation for discharge time series is unitless as mean and standard deviation are in same units. Found by dividing standard deviation by the mean.
q_ url Discharge time series URL
q_stop Discharge time series stop date in YYYY-MM-DD format
beta_sd Standard deviation for beta, no units. Calculated during parameter fitting of power law model.
q_start Discharge time series start date in units of YYYY-MM-DD format
ws_name Watershed name
ws_soil Watershed soil
gauge_id Gauge station ID, as available
bl_topquad Was a 7.5’ topographic map found for this watershed? Y/N
gauge_name Gauge station name
ws_bedrock Watershed bedrock
ws_climate Watershed climate per Köppen system. See code repository for Köppen climate classification tool used to find climate zones.
bl_l_per_km Persistent channel network length in units of km. Georeferenced streamline segments measured in ArcMap.
bl_l_tot_km Persistent and intermittent channel network length in units of km, as depicted by USGS 7.5' blueline maps. Georeferenced streamline segments were measured in ArcMap. Dashed lines for intermittent streams are measured only for the solid extent in ArcMap. To get the full length of intermittent stream in the maps, the gaps in a relatively straight 5.8 cm length of intermittent streamline was measured. Based on the ratio between segment length and extent of gaps, intermittent streamline lengths measured by ArcMap were multiplied by a factor of 1.34 to arrive at an estimate for the full length of intermittent stream segments.
l_sd_km_km2 Standard deviation for stream network length time series in units of km/km2. Calculated from inferred network extent timeseries.
ws_area_km2 Watershed area in units of km2
ws_name_sub Sub-watershed identifier
ws_elev_avg_m Watershed mean elevation in units of m
bl_topquad_url URL for 7.5’ topographic map found for this watershed, as available
q_sd_mm_per_day Standard deviation for discharge time series in units of mm/day.
alpha_units_vary Scaling factor for power function that characterizes the relationship between discharge and stream length; Units vary as a function of the power law exponent β: (mm/day)^β/(km/km^2)
gauge_lat_decdeg Gauge station latitude in units of decimal degrees
gauge_lon_decdeg Gauge station longitude in units of decimal degrees
q_avg_mm_per_day Average daily discharge in units of mm/day
alpha_sd_units_vary Standard deviation for alpha; Units vary and can be (km/km^2)/(mm/day). Alpha (α) is the scaling factor in the power relation L = αQ^β. Discharge (Q) and drainage density (L) from at least three channel length surveys are fed into the model to obtain alpha.
bl_l_per_km_per_km2 Persistent channel network drainage density in units of km/km^2. Found by dividing wetted channel extent by watershed area.
bl_l_tot_km_per_km2 Persistent and intermittent channel network drainage density in units of km/km^2. Found by dividing wetted channel extent by watershed area.
ws_precip_mm_per_yr Watershed annual average precipitation in units of mm/year
src_of_noncalculated_vals Additional sources for metadata table values

References

Sources

Derived From: Zimmer, M. A., Runoff Generation Across Ephemeral To Perennial Piedmont Catchments. PhD in Earth and Ocean Sciences. Duke University. 2017.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Blackbird Creek near Cobalt, ID, https://waterdata.usgs.gov/monitoring-location/13306336/#parameterCode= 00060, accessed 05 August 2020, 2020ca.
Derived From: PRISM. PRISM Climate Group 30-Year Normals. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. Retrieved from http://prism.oregonstate.edu. 2010.
Derived From: Hunsaker, C.: SSCZO – Streamflow / Discharge – KREW, Bull Creek – 2003-2010), https://doi.org/http://www.hydroshare.org/resource/d6d8b2a6e5604629b1192233646dfea1, updated 21 November 2019, 2019a.
Derived From: US Forest Service: Caspar Creek Experimental Watershed Study, SFC - Tributary South Fork (1963-1995) data, https://doi.org/https://www.fs.fed.us/psw/topics/water/caspar/data/map/sfc.shtml, updated 18 August 1998, 1998b.
Derived From: US Forest Service: Caspar Creek Experimental Watershed Study, NFC - Tributary North Fork (1963-1995) data, https://doi.org/https://www.fs.fed.us/psw/topics/water/caspar/data/map/nfc.shtml, updated 18 August 1998, 1998a.
Derived From: Miniat, C. F., Laseter, S. H., Swank, W. T., and Vose, J. M.: Daily streamflow data for watersheds at Coweeta Hydrologic Lab, North Carolina, https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2016-0025, updated 10 February 2020, 2016.
Derived From: Zimmer, M.: Duke Forest Research Watershed Data Archives, https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2016-0025, updated 19 July 2019, 2017.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Elder C Nr Branscomb CA, https://waterdata.usgs.gov/monitoring-location/11475560/#parameterCode=00060, accessed 28 July 2020, 2020ah.
Derived From: Edwards, P. J. and Wood, F.: Fernow Experimental Forest daily streamflow, https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2011-0015, updated 9 January 2020, 2011
Derived From: USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station: Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest: Daily Streamflow by Watershed, 1956 - present, https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/mapbrowse?scope=knb-lter-hbr&identifier=2, updated 25 June 2020, 2020.
Derived From: Hunsaker, C.: SSCZO – Streamflow / Discharge – Providence – (2003-2010), https://doi.org/https://www.hydroshare.org/resource/180f67282b4149ca8d4f41b2438257eb/, updated 21 November 2019, 2019b.
Derived From: UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology: Ray at Grendon Underwood, https://nrfa.ceh.ac.uk/data/station/meanflow/39017, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Sagehen C Nr Truckee CA, https://waterdata.usgs.gov/monitoring-location/10343500/#parameterCode=00060, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020gd.
Derived From: Stähli, M.: Longterm hydrological observatory Alptal (central Switzerland), https://www.envidat.ch/#/metadata/ longterm-hydrological-observatory-alptal-central-switzerland, updated 10 April 2018, 2018.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Sixmile Creek at Bethel Grove NY, https://waterdata.usgs.gov/monitoring-location/04233300/#parameterCode= 00060, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020hg
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Thompson Creek near Clayton, ID, https://waterdata.usgs.gov/monitoring-location/13297330/#parameterCode= 00060, accessed 05 August 2020, 2020bf.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey (2020d): Johnson Creek at Yellow Pine ID, https://waterdata.usgs.gov/monitoring-location/13313000/#parameterCode=00060, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey (2020e): Meadow Creek near Stibnite, ID, https://waterdata.usgs.gov/monitoring-location/13310850/#parameterCode=00060, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey (2020f): MF Salmon River at Mouth near Shoup, ID, https://waterdata.usgs.gov/monitoring-location/13310199/#parameterCode=00060, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: Godsey, S. E. and Kirchner, J. W.: Dynamic, discontinuous stream networks: hydrologically driven variations in active drainage density,flowing channels and stream order, Hydrological Processes, 28, 5791–5803, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.10310, 00010, 2014.
Derived From: Chen, D. and Chen, H. W.: Using the Köppen classification to quantify climate variation and change: An example for 1901–2010, Environ-mental Development, 6, 69–79, 2013.
Derived From: Laseter, Stephanie H.; Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M.; Swift, Lloyd W. Jr. 2012. Long-term temperature and precipitation trends at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, North Carolina, USA. Hydrology Research 43(6):890-901.
Derived From: Whiting, J. A. and Godsey, S. E.: Discontinuous headwater stream networks with stable flowheads, Salmon River basin, Idaho, HydrologicalProcesses, 30, 2305–2316, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.10790, _eprint: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/hyp.10790, 2016.
Derived From: Crooks, S. M., Kay, A. L., and Reynard, N. S.: Regionalised impacts of climate change on flood flows: hydrological models, catchments and calibration, Milestone report 1, available at: http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Document.aspx?Document= FD2020_8853_TRP.pdf (last access: 21 September 2020), 2010
Derived From: van Meerveld, H. J. I.: Expansion and contraction of the flowing stream network alter hillslope flowpath lengths and the shape of the travel time distribution, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 23, 4825–6604834, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-4825-2019, publisher: Copernicus GmbH, 2019.
Derived From: Shaw,S.B.: Investigating the linkage between streamflow recession rates and channel network contraction in a mesoscale catchment in New York state, Hydrological Processes, 30, 479–492, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.10626, _eprint: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/hyp.10626, 2016.
Derived From: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. “Data Tools: 1981-2010 Normals.” 1981-2010 Normals | Data Tools | Climate Data Online (CDO) | National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/datatools/normals. 2020.
Derived From: Jensen, C. K., McGuire, K. J., and Prince, P. S.: Headwater stream length dynamics across four physiographic provinces of the Appalachian Highlands, Hydrological Processes, 31, 3350–3363, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.11259, _eprint:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10. 2017.
Derived From: Lovill, S. M., Hahm, W. J., and Dietrich, W. E.: Drainage from the Critical Zone: Lithologic Controls on the Persistence and Spatial Extent of Wetted Channels during the Summer Dry Season, Water Resources Research, 54, 5702–5726, https://doi.org/10.1029/2017WR021903. 2017.
Derived From: Blyth, K. and Rodda, J.: A stream length study, Water Resources Research, 9, 1454–1461, 1973.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Patterson Mountain CA 2018, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/CA/CA_Patterson_Mountain_20180829_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Mathison Peak CA 2018, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/CA/CA_Mathison_Peak_20181107_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Prentiss NC 2019, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/NC/NC_Prentiss_20190729_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Northwest Durham NC 2019, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/NC/NC_Northwest_Durham_20190807_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Southwest Durham NC 2019, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/NC/NC_Southwest_Durham_20190729_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Cahto Peak CA 2018, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/CA/CA_Cahto_Peak_20180912_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Lincoln Ridge CA 2018, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/CA/CA_Lincoln_Ridge_20180912_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Parsons WV 2019, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/WV/WV_Parsons_20191209_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Woodstock NH 2018, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/NH/NH_Woodstock_20180707_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Dinkey Creek CA 2018, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/CA/CA_Dinkey_Creek_20180829_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Hobart Mills CA 2018, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/CA/CA_Hobart_Mills_20180907_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Independence Lake CA 2018, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/CA/CA_Independence_Lake_20180907_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Dryden NY 2019, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/NY/NY_Dryden_20190925_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 29 July 2020, 2020.
Derived From: U.S. Geological Survey: Dave Lewis Peak ID 2020, U.S. Geological Survey, https://prd-tnm.s3.amazonaws.com/StagedProducts/Maps/USTopo/PDF/ID/ID_Dave_Lewis_Peak_20200421_TM_geo.pdf, accessed 6 August 2020, 2020.
Derived From: Environment Agency, Environment Agency - Catchment Data Explorer, https://environment.data.gov.uk/catchment-planning/ManagementCatchment/3012/Summary, updated 17 September 2020, 2020.

Related Resources

The content of this resource serves as the data for: Lapides, D., Leclerc, C. D., Moidu, H., Dralle, D., & Hahm, W. J. (2020, August 14). Variability of headwater stream network extents controlled by flow regime and network hydraulic scaling. https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/mc6np
This resource updates and replaces previous version: http://www.hydroshare.org/resource/6ff6b56abe474eaaa3d2c2895c39b53f
This resource has been replaced by newer version: http://www.hydroshare.org/resource/9d3e273274b84de7aa84f52e39c11b0a

Credits

Funding Agencies

This resource was created using funding from the following sources:
Agency Name Award Title Award Number
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Undergraduate Student Research Award

How to Cite

Leclerc, C. D. (2020). 3 - Watershed metadata, HydroShare, http://www.hydroshare.org/resource/9e209e3a50ea4693af77d638a4a996ae

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.

 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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