Dataset for "Evidence for widespread woody plant use of water stored in bedrock"


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Resource type: Composite Resource
Storage: The size of this resource is 3.6 GB
Created: Apr 11, 2021 at 4:51 p.m.
Last updated: Jun 12, 2021 at 2:37 a.m.
DOI: 10.4211/hs.a2f0d5fd10f14cd189a3465f72cba6f3
Citation: See how to cite this resource
Sharing Status: Published
Publication Status:
Pending publication
Note that the DOI will not be available until it has been registered and activated.
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Abstract

Woody plant transpiration is a major control on Earth's climate system, streamflow, and human water supply. Soils are widely considered to be the primary reservoir of water for woody plants, however, plants also access water stored in the fractures and pores of bedrock, either as rock moisture (water stored in the unsaturated zone) (Schwinning, 2010) or bedrock groundwater (below the water table) (Miller, 2010). Bedrock as a water source for plants has not been evaluated over large scales, and consequently, its importance to terrestrial water and carbon cycling is poorly understood (Fan, 2019). Here, we use remotely sensed water fluxes and soil survey data to show that woody plants routinely access significant quantities of water stored in bedrock - commonly as rock moisture -for transpiration across diverse climates and biomes. For example, in California, the volume of bedrock water transpired by woody vegetation annually exceeds that stored in man-made reservoirs, and woody vegetation that withdraws bedrock water accounts for over 50% of the above-ground carbon stocks in the state. Our findings show that bedrock water storage dynamics are a critical element of terrestrial water cycling and therefore necessary to capture the effect of shifting climate on woody ecosystems, above- and below-ground carbon storage, and water resources.

CODE AVAILABLE ON GITHUB: https://github.com/erica-mccormick/widespread-bedrock-water-use
FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE WEBPAGE: https://erica-mccormick.github.io/widespread-bedrock-water-use/

Subject Keywords

Resource Level Coverage

Spatial

Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
Continental United States
North Latitude
51.0577°
East Longitude
-58.9977°
South Latitude
22.9014°
West Longitude
-133.7047°

Temporal

Start Date:
End Date:

Content

readme.md

All data used in the manuscript “Evidence for widespread woody plant use of water stored in bedrock.”

See webpage for links to publicly available data resources and for more information on code and data availability.

CODE AVAILABILITY

DOI
GitHub repository

DATA INPUTS AND PRODUCTS

FILE STRUCTURE SUMMARY

All .tifs at 500 m resolution unless otherwise noted.

├── csvs_for_plotting
│   ├── df_TWI_regression_vals.csv
│   └── df_figure4.csv
└── database_rooting_into_bedrock.csv
└── tifs.zip
├── deficits
│ ├── Dbedrock
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2004.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2005.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2006.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2007.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2008.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2009.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2010.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2011.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2012.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2013.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2014.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2015.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2016.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2017.tif
│ │ └── Dbedrock_count_years_gt0.tif #years of positive Dbedrock used in Figure 1
│ ├── Dbedrock_no_masking
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2004_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2005_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2006_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2007_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2008_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2009_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2010_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2011_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2012_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2013_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2014_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2015_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2016_nomask.tif
│ │ └── Dbedrock_2017_nomask.tif
│ ├── Sbedrock.tif
│ ├── Sbedrock_dividedby_Sr.tif
│ └── Sr.tif
├── masks
│ ├── masks_all_combined.tif
│ ├── mask_shallowBedrock.tif
│ └── mask_woodyVeg.tif
│ └── mask_ET_gt_P.tif
└── products_used
├── MAP_PRISM_2003_2017.tif # mean annual precipitation (mm) calculated using PRISM daily precip (2003 to 2017)
└── gNATSGO
├── Ssoil_500m.tif
├── densic_bedrock_depth_90m.tiff
├── lithic_bedrock_depth_90m.tiff
└── paralithic_bedrock_depth_90m.tiff

References

Related Resources

This resource is described by: https://erica-mccormick.github.io/widespread-bedrock-water-use/
The content of this resource can be executed by: http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4904037

How to Cite

McCormick, E. L., D. Dralle, W. J. Hahm, A. Tune, L. Schmidt, D. Chadwick, D. Rempe (2021). Dataset for "Evidence for widespread woody plant use of water stored in bedrock", HydroShare, https://doi.org/10.4211/hs.a2f0d5fd10f14cd189a3465f72cba6f3, DOI for this published resource is pending activation.

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.

 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
CC-BY

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